Ceramic tiles were once all made by hand from wet clay mixed with sand and a variety of other ingredients. Although they can still be found this is now generally a much for mechanized process. The mixture is placed into large presses then dried, glazed, and fired, creating a uniform finish and shape. These are by far the most cost effective form of tile and are found in the majority of homes. They are light, durable and easy to fashion into unusual shapes.
Porcelain is a ceramic generally made by heating clay to between 1,200 and 1,400C. The strength, durability and depth in the surface are due to the formation of glass within the body at such a high temperatures. A porcelain floor is extremely hard wearing and has low absorption levels making it the perfect choice for heavy traffic areas where regular cleaning may be required. However, the polished variety can become very slippery when wet so should be used cautiously in wet areas.
Glass tiles provide a modern twist on more traditional tiling and are generally used to add a feature piece or as a border tile. Their translucent property gives them a unique variation depending on viewing angle and light source.